December 30, 2005 .

 


2005 THE YEAR
IN SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY IN ISRAEL

Following the tradition that began in 2004, IsraCast is taking a step back to present the most innovative science and technology developments of the year.

In 2005 Robert J. Aumann won the Nobel Prize in economics becoming the third Israeli in a row to win the prize after Aaron Ciechanover and Avram Hershko won the 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistry.

  Prof. Robert J. Aumann and Prof. Thomas C. Schelling receiving the 2005 Nobel Prize in Economics.  

This year IsraCast has covered 30 different science and technology stories from Israel. In this article we will summarize the most interesting Israeli projects in 2005 from the fields of medicine, environmental technology, defense and security, astrophysics and general technology.


Green Technology

The car that makes its own fuel An Israeli company, Engineuity, is working on a method for producing a continuous flow of hydrogen and steam under full pressure inside a car. According to the company, this method will solve the obstacles associated with the manufacturing, transporting and storing of hydrogen to be used in cars. The hydrogen car Engineuity is working on will use metals such as magnesium or aluminum which will come in the form of a long coil. The gas tank in conventional vehicles will be replaced by a device called a Metal-Steam combustor that will separate hydrogen from heated water.
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Zinc powder will drive your hydrogen car Another development regarding clean hydrogen fuel for cars has been developed at the Weitzman Institute in cooperation with scientists from Sweden, Switzerland and France. The researchers were successful in creating large quantities of pure zinc using solar power which could be safely transported to a gas station and then used to quickly produce hydrogen to be used in hydrogen based cars. Read More

 

Out of the box thinking produces safer water - An Israeli company, Atlantium, has developed a new technology for water disinfection. It uses ultra violet (UV) light to disinfect water and is 10,000 times more effective than existing techniques. With impending regulatory changes in the U.S. and other countries, the move from chemical disinfectants to green non-toxic advanced disinfection solutions can improve the safety of the water while reducing its cost. The new system is also strong enough to kill the kind of biological agents bio-terrorists might use inside water reservoirs. Read More

 

Israeli company drives the largest solar plant in the world The Israeli company Solel has helped build and maintain the largest commercial solar power plant in the world, supplying electricity to hundreds of thousands of households in California. The company is also participating in an international contract to build a large commercial solar power plant in the Israeli desert. Read More


Medicine

Simple blood test will accurately diagnose anxiety - A new technique that can accurately diagnose anxiety disorders by performing a simple blood test was developed at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. The researchers hope that the anxiety blood test will soon make its way into hospitals and ER rooms and give doctors and psychiatrists a quick and precise tool for examining, and eventually treating, these disorders.
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Israeli super bandage saves lives - An Israeli medical doctor has developed a revolutionary bandage that can replace both ordinary bandages and tourniquets and can even be used to treat burns. The new bandage has already proved itself by saving lives of soldiers and civilians in Israel and South Africa in recent years. The Israeli military and the Red Cross are considering the bandage, and its inventor hopes that when it enters mass production its low price and superior performance will allow it to save lives across the world. Read More

 

Cell phone radiation may cause visual damage - A recent scientific study conducted by a team of researchers from the Technion found a possible link between microwave radiation similar to the type found in cellular phones and different types of damage to the visual system. At least one type of damage seems to accumulate over time and does not heal, challenging the common view and leading the researchers to the assertion that the duration of exposure is not less important than the intensity of the irradiation. The Technion researchers also emphasized that existing exposure guidelines for microwave radiation may need to change. Read More

 

Fighting bacteria without antibiotics Research conducted at the Hebrew University has revealed a method for controlling bacterial activity without antibiotics. The research showed how it is possible to interfere with the communication of groups of bacteria thus enabling new ways of fighting bacterial infections and disease caused by germs as well as ways to help beneficial bacteria to multiply. Read More


Astrophysics

Dark matter one mystery solved - Until recently cosmologists could not explain why elliptical galaxies did not appear to have dark matter haloes surrounding them, which are known to exist in other types of galaxies. Analyzing data from a simulation performed on one of the most advanced supercomputers in the world, an Israeli cosmologist showed that the existing model of elliptical galaxies was wrong, proving that dark matter was there all along. Read More


General Technology

Like a fish - An Israeli inventor has developed a breathing apparatus that will allow breathing underwater without the assistance of compressed air tanks. This new invention will use the relatively small amounts of air that already exist in water to supply oxygen to both scuba divers and submarines. The invention has already captured the interest of most major diving manufacturers as well as the Israeli Navy. Read More

 

Surveying the future - A new low-cost system that can immediately create a 3D model of a room has been developed by an Israeli company. The system facilitates the performing of highly accurate computerized measurements inside buildings. It allows a single operator to measure a room and create a CAD model in real time which can then be used to plan the further development of the interior structure. Relying on ultra sound and RF transmission between its base station and a portable unit, the new system eliminates limitations such as line of sight and the need for "open skies" that exist in current surveying equipment, while still keeping the price of the overall system well below that of existing equipment. Read More


Defense & Security

Two new autonomous vehicles - Having developed some of the most advanced Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in the world, the Israeli defense industry has turned to the ground. Two companies are currently developing highly mobile unmanned vehicles that can perform armed patrols around the barrier being built between Israel and the territories. Replacing human patrol guards, these vehicles will cut security costs and save lives. Read More

 

Israeli technology protecting America's strategic locations New technology developed in Israel is revolutionizing the field of smart video motion detection by using advanced algorithms to automatically detect and track intruders from hundreds of meters away, day and night, in all weather conditions. The new system, which recently passed rigorous testing by Israeli security forces, is already being installed in various strategic locations in Israel and the U.S. Read More

 

Pen-like device sniffs out explosives - Researchers from the Technion have developed a unique device that can identify improvised explosives, the kind commonly used by terrorist organizations. The pen-like device detects the presence of explosives material using chemical reaction and can be used by law enforcement and airport security to test suspected objects. Read More

 

Artificial flock will hunt for terrorists - A young scientist from the Technion has developed a system that will allow Unmanned Aerial Vehicles to attack terrorist targets in group formation. The new method which is based on the natural movement of flocks of animals will be able to distinguish between civilians and enemy targets even in highly populated areas and perform its mission with more accuracy and flexibility than any single UAV. Read More


Nano-technology

Nano-armor protecting the soldiers of tomorrow - An Israeli company has recently tested one of the most shock-resistant materials known to man. Five times stronger than steel and at least twice as strong as any impact-resistant material currently in use as protective gear, the new nano-based material is on its way to becoming the armor of the future.
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DNA based transistors - A group of Israeli scientists from the Weizmann Institute has developed a unique approach to creating nano-transistors based on DNA. This method may eventually lead the way to the development of new ultra-small transistors as well as tiny chemical and biological sensors.
Read More

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Iddo Genuth - IsraCast

 


For comments about this article, contact Iddo Genuth & Tomer Yaffe
Editor: Tomer Yaffe
| Copy Editor: Talia Adar | Graphic Editor: Yael Yaffe

2005 IsraCast Jerusalem. All rights reserved.
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